• (2010) A sense of a future: A study of training and work in later life

    Stephen McNair, NIACE, UK

    This report assembles evidence from a wide range of sources (including a review of national datasets, a literature review, interviews, and specially commissioned surveys), to explore the relationship between skills, training and work for people over the age of 50 in the UK. It examines the claim that training might help extend average working life and raise workforce skills levels in response to demographic change. Five key recommendations are made which aim to address two key policy concerns: how to best respond to an ageing society; and how to ensure an adequate labour force and skills base in the face of growing global competition. Report commissioned by the Nuffield Foundation from the Centre for Research into the Older Workforce (CROW) at National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE).

  • (2010) Being an 'older learner' in higher education: sustaining the will to learn

    Andrea Creech, Anita Pincas, Sue Hallam, Julia Jeanes, Institute of Education, & Janet Broad, London Centre for Excellence in Teacher Training, UK

    This article reports on a study of 131 higher education students, aged 50 and over, which explored their reasons for studying and their self-reports of the perceived benefits of studying and their confidence as learners. The results suggested that, for the learners, personal and professional development were inextricably linked, and that they generally saw themselves as beneficiaries within the academic community. Self Determination Theory (SDT) provided a theoretical lens through which the will to learn could be interpreted as being sustained by a striving for autonomy, competence and a sense of belonging.

  • (2011) Aspirations for later life

    Alun Humphrey, Lucy Lee and Rosie Green, UK

    This research addresses what aspirations people of all ages hold for their later life, what they are currently doing to prepare, and what enablers and barriers there are to achieving their aspirations. The research focuses on many of the social aspects of preparing for later life and specifically looks at: what might encourage people to start planning for later life in their earlier years; what motivates people as they get older; whether later life is viewed as an opportunity to do things people were unable to do in their earlier years or as a time to relax and do less. The research captures these themes quantitatively in order to give an indication of the scale of interest held for various aspirations and provide useful information that can inform how best to help people achieve their aspirations. Section 4 focusses on interest in learning and training. The survey was carried out as part of the National Centre for Social Research Omnibus Survey (summer 2010). A total of 1,867 adults aged 16 years and over took part in the survey.

  • (2011) Literacy, Numeracy and Disadvantage Among Older Adults in England

    Andrew Jenkins, Rodie Ackerman, Lara Frumkin, Emma Salter and John Vorhaus

    This report, by The National Research and Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy (NRDC), presents findings from research on the relationships between the literacy and numeracy levels of older adults and the extent of disadvantage in later life. Looks at data on proficiency, changes over the life course, and work. Identifies key evidence gaps. Considers the measurement of literacy and numeracy and contains findings on whether those with poor basic skills are more likely to leave the labour force at an early stage, and whether they have fragmented or interrupted career paths. Investigates whether those with low literacy or numeracy have lower wellbeing and quality of life than those with better basic skills proficiency. The research consists of a review of the literature and secondary analysis of a quantitative data source on older adults.

  • (2011) Older men's learning through age-related community organisations in Australia

    Barry Golding, University of Ballarat, Australia

    This paper explores less-examined learning beyond work in Australia, specifically the learning experienced by older men through participation in age-based community organisations. It is based on an Australian mixed method study of 48 diverse community organisations across three Australian states. Research interviews and surveys with participants in these organisations explored aspects of older men's learning. Some comparisons and insights are suggested between aged-based and non-age-based community organisations in which the median ages of participants are relatively high.

  • (2012) Eurobarometer n° 393 - Discrimination in the EU in 2012

    The European Commission published in November 2012 a new Eurobarometer which looks into attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards discrimination, based on different grounds (gender, ethnic origin, religion or beliefs, age, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity). The age-related results highlight that the economic crisis is contributing to an increase of perceived discrimination in the labour market, especially for older persons - more than two-third of Europeans (67%) believe the economic crisis is contributing to more discrimination against “older” workers (those aged over 55).

  • (2012) Family care-giving for ageing parents in Nigeria: gender differences, cultural imperatives and the role of education

    Uzoma Odera Okoye, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

    Caring for an elderly relative, especially in African societies, is usually a task that is reserved for females. This article includes an analysis of the effect of gender in care-giving. Data was collected, using questionnaire and interviews, from 530 adult (40 + years, mostly well-educated) respondents, residing in Nsukka town, Nigeria, who had at least one parent alive. Comparisons were made between the responses of the male and female adult children. The findings showed that adult daughters had more positive general perceptions of care-giving than adult sons and were less likely to see a personal care-giving role as a burden. The findings raise questions about how likely it is that such differences will change and whether they can be affected by lifelong learning provision.

  • (2012) Informal learning in later life - results of the Age UK survey

    Christopher Brooks, Age UK

    A report on a survey carried out in autumn 2011 by Age UK to find out more about older peoples’ views on informal learning. The research was principally to inform Age UK's views for responding to the government’s reforms of the Community Learning budget and does not show a representative sample of older people nationwide. It is not a substitute for academic research into the subject area or more formal statistical data, but should be viewed as an accompaniment for such research, and to provide an insight into the feelings of already-engaged people aged 50 and above about informal learning. 174 survey responses were recieved.

  • (2012) Learning and Wellbeing Trajectories Among Older Adults in England

    Andrew Jenkins and Tarek Mustafa, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), UK

    Research paper no. 92 from the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS). The report sets out findings from quantitative analysis of the relationship between participation in learning and well-being outcomes among older adults in England. It uses data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA).

  • (2012) National adult learner survey 2010

    Department for Business Innovation and Skills

    The national adult learner survey (NALS) covers a variety of aspects of adult participation in learning beyond compulsory continuous education. NALS 2010 interviews took place between January and August 2010 and covered England only. This survey analyses learning trends, current and future learning trends, what people are learning, and future learning, covering formal, non-formal and informal learning. It shows a decline in learning among those aged 60 and over since NALS 2005, reversing the significant rise in participation rate among this group between 2002 and 2005.

  • (2012) Older Adults’ vs. Younger Adults’ Web Search: Memory, Performance and Strategies

    Patricia M. Boechler, Rebecca Watchorn, Karon Dragon and Dennis Foth, University of Alberta, Canada

    This article reports on a study in which age differences in memory, performance and strategy use were examined in the context of a web search in which 124 adults participated. Regardless of test condition, list map or spatial map, older adults experienced significantly greater difficulty in retrieving information from recall than did younger adults but were just as able as younger adults to recognise material, suggesting that older people were relatively penalised when more effortful memory processes were required. The results showed that older adults used a broader search strategy than younger adults. However, older adults were slower and less able to find the target information than their younger counterparts.

  • (2012) Older People's Learning in 2012: A Survey

    Stephen McNair, NIACE, UK

    The report of a survey of older people in Great Britain, carried out in spring 2012. It examined their learning: what they learned, where, when and why, and with what benefits. It also examined whether, and how far, current patterns might be changed. It follows a similar survey in 2005, and reveals some significant changes since then,especially in the role of employment, in the location of learning, and the role of computing and online learning.

  • (2012) Social partners: Out with early exit - in with lifelong learning and career development?

    Tarja Tikkanen et al.

    The goal of the survey was to find out to what extent the social partners have developed policies and outlined strategies which explicitly address the demografic change and promote opportunities for lifelong learning and career development among their senior members (45+) in the Nordic countries. Besides the differences between the unions in regards many aspects and within most countries, the findings also revealed systematic differences between the Nordic countries. Even a strong lifelong learning policy does not alone guarantee real opportunities for and participation in learning during the latter life time job careers. There is also a need for a more active approach from social partners, in policy and practice, to promote lifelong learning and career development to their senior memebers during their last 15 - 20 years in working life.

  • (2012) The internet and informal learning: a report by UK Online Centres and ICM

    UK online centres & ICM

    This report was commissioned to examine the impact of the internet and the online world on adult learning, and how people are taking advantage of the internet to learn new skills. 1,000 people were surveyed, representative of the total population of the UK, and 4 in 5 (77%) of all respondents were regular internet users. Findings reveal that using the internet as an informal learning tool appears to be largely age-driven, with those under 55 more likely to embrace new technology for research and learning. However, significant minority (20%) of over 75s reported using the internet for informal learning in the previous year.

  • (2012) Workplace learning for older workers in the Kingdom of Bahrain

    Maya Azuri and Vanessa Beck, University of Leicester, UK

    The aim of this paper is two-fold. First, it considers the role of learning for older workers in the Kingdom of Bahrain, a country with a young workforce which is nevertheless dependent on older workers. Second, the importance of (workplace) learning for older workers is considered in light of older workers’ continued or even extended contribution to the labour market. A key finding from this research is that despite investment in learning by the state, there are numerous problems and barriers to workplace learning for older workers in Bahrain. Twelve organisations in Bahrain took part in the research presented - in total, 25 participants including 8 HR managers/directors and 17 employees were surveyed.

  • (2013 ) Older people’s ICT learning and support needs

    Sus-IT briefing paper No 5

    Briefing paper from the Sus-IT project, funded by the New Dynamics of Ageing (NDA) initiative, which reports on key findings from the project's research. Briefing paper no. 5 provides findings from a survey of older peoples’ digital engagement and a small survey of existing ICT learning and support provision in a sample of UK towns and cities.

  • (2013) Digital literacy training for adults: initiatives, actors, strategies

    Executive Agency Education, Audiovisual and Culture, DG Education and Culture, Elearning

    Research report and guidelines concerning digital literacy teaching strategies for people aged over 55. Includes meta-analysis of previous research and practical experience of computer and internet usage of older people. The report and guidelines have been developed in the framework of the EU “Grandparents & Grandchildren” project (2011-2013): http://www.foragenetwork.eu/en/database/item/223-grandparents-grandchildren-g-g-2011-2013/

  • (2013) 72% of Online Adults are Social Networking Site Users

    Joanna Brenner and Aaron Smith, Pew Research Center, USA

    Report from the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project, which has been studying online adults’ social networking site use since 2005. This report is based on the findings of a survey on Americans' use of the Internet, which shows that 72% of online adults use social networking sites. Furthemore, those aged 65 and older have roughly tripled their presence on social networking sites in the last four years—from 13% in the spring of 2009 to 43% in 2013. The report also examines Twitter use. The results are based on data from telephone interviews conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International from April 17 to May 19, 2013, among a sample of 2,252 adults, aged 18 and older.

  • (2013) Costi disumani - La spesa pubblica per "il contrasto all'immigrazione irregolare"


    Dal 2005 al 2012 sono stati stanziati in Italia almeno un miliardo e seicento milioni di euro per finanziare le politiche di “contrasto all’immigrazione irregolare”: una spesa pubblica significativa, largamente inefficiente e irrispettosa dei diritti umani fondamentali dei migranti. Lunaria ha dettagliato queste spese nel rapporto Costi disumani: la spesa pubblica per il “contrasto dell’immigrazione irregolare”.

  • (2013) Generali Old-Age Survey – The way of living, thinking and involvement of elderly people

    Prof. Dr. Renate Köcher & Dr. Oliver Bruttel

    The research, by the Polling Institute of Allensbach on behalf of the Generali Future Fund, consisted of face-to-face- interviews with 4,000 representative 65 - 85 year old Germans. In general, the interviewees felt ten years younger than they were and wished to maintain lifelong independence. Key findings were that the majority led a very active, satisfying and varied life and focused on the maintenance of health.