(2012) Older Adults’ vs. Younger Adults’ Web Search: Memory, Performance and Strategies

in Quantitative
Patricia M. Boechler, Rebecca Watchorn, Karon Dragon and Dennis Foth, University of Alberta, Canada

This article reports on a study in which age differences in memory, performance and strategy use were examined in the context of a web search in which 124 adults participated. Regardless of test condition, list map or spatial map, older adults experienced significantly greater difficulty in retrieving information from recall than did younger adults but were just as able as younger adults to recognise material, suggesting that older people were relatively penalised when more effortful memory processes were required. The results showed that older adults used a broader search strategy than younger adults. However, older adults were slower and less able to find the target information than their younger counterparts.


International Journal of Education and Ageing, Vol. 2, No. 2, 125–138, May 2012, ISSN: 2044-5458


Keywords

older adults, memory, cognitive ageing, internet, information search